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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

The summary of the entire Torah is as simple as this:
Love what HaShem loves; hate what HaShem hates. All else is commentary.

Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

Caricature of Dr. Rick Sawyer pointing to the textWARNING: The text used for my commentary is my own paraphrase and must not be considered “a translation” or authorative in any way. It is, in fact, simply my commentary. The paraphrase is often the only comment necessary for a particular passage.

Maps, when used, are from Created using BibleMapper 3.0.
Additional data from Source of Dates Used

וַיִּקְרָא • V'yikra
(“And He Called”)
The Third Book of Moses,
Commonly Called


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Mirrored from The Five Major Offerings | Learn The Bible

The Five Major Offerings

Scripture Passage: Leviticus 1:1-2

Listen to Baptist pastor
David F. Reagan:
The Five Major Offerings

Introduction: The five major offerings
must first be introduced:

Identity of the Five Offerings

The Levitical sacrificial system had five separate and distinct offerings that could be made to the Lord. These are the five major offerings that are introduced in the first five chapters of Leviticus. They are:

Other offerings are mentioned in the Mosaic Law. These other offerings include those made for a vow (called votive), thank offerings, drink offerings, heave offerings, and wave offerings. However, these offerings are usually, if not always, a subset of the five major offerings. For instance, the thank offering is a type of peace offering. These offerings will not be considered in detail in this introduction.

Purpose of the Five Offerings

The offerings of the law almost require a threefold approach.

Survey of the Five Major Offerings:

Burnt Offering (Leviticus 1)

Meat Offering[2] (Leviticus 2)

Peace Offering (Leviticus 3)

Sin Offering (Leviticus 4)

Trespass Offering[3] (Leviticus 5)

The Five Animals Used in the Offerings
(first mentioned together in Genesis 15:9)

The Order of the Five Offerings in Leviticus 1-5

They mark a progression of closeness to God with the first offering mentioned being the closest to God and the last one being the first step in approaching God. This seemingly backwards approach is not unusual in the Bible. God usually begins from His perspective, not ours. He describes the furniture of the most holy place first and then proceeds to the holy place and the courtyard. He creates heaven and then earth (Genesis 1:1). He lists the three-part nature of man as spirit first, then soul, then body (1 Thesalonians 5:23).

First, consider the order of the offerings as they point to the sacrifice of Christ.

Burnt Offering Christ surrendered Himself entirely to God being fully consumed in His commitment (Philippians 2:6-8)
Meat Offering Christ gave Himself as a living sacrifice continually doing the will of the Father (John 4:34)
Peace Offering Christ made peace with God on the behalf of man (Ephesians 2:13-14)
Sin Offering Christ atoned for our fallen sin nature on the cross and satisfied the wrath of God (Isaiah 53:10-11; Hebrews 9:26)
Trespass Offering Christ paid for our individual sins in His death on the cross (Hebrews 10:12)

However, when we come to God, we must do so in reverse order. Notice the following table with the offerings given in reverse order and their symbology explained.

Trespass Offering We realize the guilt of our sins and our need for forgiveness of these sins in Jesus Christ (1 John 2:2)
Sin Offering We need a power that can even conquer our sin nature or else we will lose our salvation as soon as we gain it[1] (2 Corinthians 5:21)
Peace Offering We find that through the cross of Christ He opened the way for true fellowship with God (John 1:3)
Meat Offering Through His obedient life, Christ shows us the way to be a living sacrifice for God (Romans 12:1)
Burnt Offering We find the greatest blessing in being fully consumed in our commitment to God (Philippians 2:17)

The Burnt Offering

The burnt offering is the first offering specified by name in the Bible. Noah offered burnt offerings when he left the ark (Genesis 8:20). Abel’s offering was certainly a burnt offering as well although it is not called such (Genesis 4:4). The burnt offering is also the most common of the offerings mentioned in scripture and probably the most commonly offered. The table shows the five offerings in rank as to which of them are mentioned most in scripture.

Burnt Offering   197
Meat Offering 123
Sin Offering 119
Peace Offering 43
Trespass Offering    36



A. According to the Word of the Lord (Leviticus 1:1)

1. As a continuation of the earlier books of the Law

a. Leviticus 1:1 — “And the Lord”

b. The conjunction, “And,” indicates a continuation

c. Leviticus is a continuation of the Law of Moses

2. The Lord called unto Moses

a. The Lord spoke to Moses many times

(1) The seven-word verse, “And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,” is found 72 times in the Bible; all in Exodus, Leviticus, or Numbers.

(2) Many other times a slightly different wording is used

b. However, the times that the Lord called unto Moses are limited

(1) The Lord called unto Moses out of the burning bush (Exodus 3:4) — this was the call of Moses to deliver the Israelites out of Egypt

(2) The Lord called unto Moses out of Mount Sinai (Exodus 19:3) — this is on the occasion of the giving of the Ten Commandments

(3) The Lord called unto Moses out of the midst of the cloud (Exodus 24:16) — this is when Moses entered the top of Mount Sinai in order to receive the remainder of the Law

(4) The Lord called unto Moses out of the Tabernacle of the congregation (Leviticus 1:1) — this is when the Lord gives the sacrificial system of atonement to Moses

3. God spoke to Moses out of the Tabernacle of the congregation

a. This could not be done until the Tabernacle was completed and set up according to the command of the Lord (Exodus 0:1-2, 16-17, 33-35)

b. It was through the Tabernacle that the Lord dwelled among the children of Israel (Exodus 25:8; Exodus 29:44-45; Leviticus 26:11; Ezekiel 37:27-28; Revelation 21:3

c. The Lord spoke to Moses from between the two cherubim that stood over the ark of the covenant (Exodus 25:20-22; Numbers 7:89

B. Unto the Lord (Leviticus 1:2)

1. They had to bring the offering to the place where God had chosen to put His name (Deuteronomy 12:5-6)

2. To bring their offering to the priests was to bring it to the Lord

3. The burnt offering was especially offered unto the Lord because all of it was burned to Him (Leviticus 22:18)

C. Of the Herd and of the Flock (Leviticus 1:2

1. We are to bring of what we have (2 Corinthians 8:12)

a. The word cattle is often used in scripture in a generic sense. When used this way, as here, it refers to cows, goats, and sheep (Genesis 1:24-25)

b. Of the herd and of the flock

(1) Herd of cows

(2) Flock of sheep or goats

2. Application: Christ came as a man; as one of us (Romans 8:3; Hebrews 2:14-18)

David Reagan

All notes are mine.  (RLS)

  1. I do not believe that the free gift of salvation, once given, can ever be lost. If the gift of salvation includes the gift of eternal life, then if that eternal life ever ends, it was not eternal in the first place. A logical impossibility. Feel free to disagree. [[BACK]

 2. The Hebrew concept of “meat” includes all food. This offering is also called a grain offering. [BACK]

 3. Also called the Guilt Offering. [BACK]

Page originally posted on Shabbat, 22 April 2023

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