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Unless otherwise indicated, the text used for my commentary and related parashot is my own paraphrase based primarily on The World Messianic Bible (which is in the Public Domain) with constant reference to the original Hebrew and Greek texts, as well as other reliable English versions.

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5783Download a PDF version here

Index to Parashot
for Hebrew Year 5784

5784
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GENESIS / B’REISHEET / בראשית

NAME   DATE HEB DATE TORAH HAFTARAH GOSPEL
1 בְּרֵאשִׁית
B’reisheet
In the Beginning
(or “At first”)
14 Oct 2023 29 Tishrei Gen 1:1–6:8 Isa 42:5–43:10 (A)
Isa 42:5-21 (S)
Matt 1:1–17
Matt 19:3–9
Mark 10:1–12
Luke 3:23–38
John 1:1–18
2 נֹחַ
Noach
Noah 21 Oct 2023 6 Cheshvan Gen 6:9–11:32 Isa 54:1–55:5 (A)
Isa 54:1-10 (S)
Matt 24:36-44
Luke 17:26-37
3 לֶךְ-לְךָ
Lech Lecha
Go Forth 28 Oct 2023 13 Cheshvan Gen 12:1–17:27 Isa 40:27–41:16 John 8:51-58
4 וַיֵּרָא
Vayera
And He
Appeared
4 Nov 2023 20 Cheshvan Gen 18:1–22:24 2Kgs 4:1–37 (A)
2Kgs 4:1–23 (S)
Luke 17:26–37
5 חַיֵּי שָׂרָה
Chayei Sarah
The Life of Sarah 11 Nov 2023 27 Cheshvan Gen 23:1–25:18 1Kgs 1:1–31 Matt 8:19–22
Matt 27:3–10
Luke 9:57–62
6 תּוֹלְדֹת
Toldot
Generations 18 Nov 2023 5 Kislev Gen 25:19–28:9 Mal 1:1-2:7 Matt 10:21-38
7 וַיֵּצֵא
Vayetze
And He Went Out 25 Nov 2023 12 Kislev Gen 28:10–32:3(2)* Hos 12:13(12)–14:10(9)* (A)
Hos 11:7–12:11 (S)
John 1:41-51
8 וַיִּשְׁלַח
VaYishlach
And He Sent Out 2 Dec 2023 19 Kislev Gen 32:4(3)–36:43* Hos 11:7-12:11 (A)
Oba 1:1–21 (S)
Matt 2:13-23
9 וַיֵּשֶׁב
VaYeshev
And He Settled 9 Dec 2023 26 Kislev Gen 37:1–40:23 Amos 2:6–3:8 Matt 1:18-25
10 מִקֵּ֖ץ
Miketz
At the End 16 Dec 2023 4 Tevet Gen 41:1–44:17 1Kngs 3:15-4:1
(alt) Zec 2:14(10)–4:7*
Luke 24:13-29
11 וַיִּגַּשׁ‎
Vayigash
And He
Approached
23 Dec 2023 11 Tevet Gen 44:18–47:27 Eze 37:15–28 Luke 24:30-48
12 וַיְחִי
Vayechi
And He Lived 30 Dec 2023 18 Tevet Gen 47:28–50:26 1Kgs 2:1–12 John 13:1-19

EXODUS / SHEMOT / שמות

NAME   DATE HEBREW DATE TORAH HAFTARAH GOSPEL
13 שְׁמוֹת
Sh'mot
Names 6 Jan ’24 25 Tevet Exo. 1:1–6:1 Isa 27:6–28:13
Isa 29:22–23 (A)
Jer 1:1–2:3 (S)
Matt 22:23–33;
Matt 22:41–46
Mark 12:18–27;
Mark 12:35–37
Luke 20:27–44
14 וָאֵרָא
Va’era
And I Appeared 13 Jan ’24 3 Shevat Exo. 6:2–9:35 Eze 28:25–29:21 Luke 11:14-22
15 בֹּא
Bo
Come! 20 Jan ’24 10 Shevat Exo. 10:1–13:16 Jer 46:13–28 Luke 2:22–24
John 6:25-35
John 19:31-37
16 בְּשַׁלַּח
Beshalach
When He Sent Out 27 Jan ’24 17 Shevat Exo. 13:17–17:16 Jdg 4:4–5:31 (A)
Jdg 5:1–31 (S)
Luke 2:22–24
John 6:25–35
John 19:31–37
17 יִתְרוֹ
Yitro
Jethro 3 Feb ’24 24 Shevat Exo. 18:1–20:23 Isa 6:1–7:6, 9:5–6(6–7)* (A)
Isa 6:1-13 (S)
Matt 5:21–30
Matt 15:1–11
Matt 19:16–30
Mark 7:5–15
Mark 10:17–31
Luke 18:18–30
18 מִּשְׁפָּטִים
Mishpatim
Laws 10 Feb ’24 1 Adar I Exo. 21:1–24:18 Jer 34:8-22;
Jer 33:25-26
Matt 5:38–42
Matt 15:1–20
Mark 7:1–23
19 תְּרוּמָה
Terumah
Donation 17 Feb ’24 8 Adar I Exo. 25:1–27:19 1Kgs 5:26(12)–6:13* Mark 12:35-44
20 תְּצַוֶּה
Tetzaveh
You Shall
Command
24 Feb ’24 15 Adar I Exo. 27:20–30:10 Ezek 43:10-27 Mark 6:14-29
21 כִּי תִשָּׂא
Ki Tisa
When You Count 2 Mar ’24 22 Adar I Exo. 30:11–34:35 1Kngs 18:1-39 (A)
1Kgs 18:20-39 (S)
Luke 11:14–20
22 וַיַּקְהֵל
Vayak’hel
And He
Assembled
9 Mar ’24 29 Adar I Exo. 35:1–38:20 1Kgs 7:40-50 (A)
1Kgs 7:13-26 (S)
(alt.) 2 Kgs. 12:1–17(11:21–12:16)*
Matt 17:22-27
23 פְקוּדֵי
Pekudei
Accountings 16 Mar ’24 6 Adar II Exo. 38:21-40:38 1Kgs 7:51-8:21(A)
1Kgs 7:40-50 (S)
Luke 16:1-31

LEVITICUS / VAYIKRA / ויקרא

NAME   DATE HEBREW DATE TORAH HAFTARAH GOSPEL
24 וַיִּקְרָא
Vayikra
And He Called 23 Mar ’24 13 Adar II Lev 1:1–5:26(6:7)* Isa 43:21–44:23 Matt 5:23-30
25 צַו
Tzav
Command! 30 Mar ’24 20 Adar II Lev 6:1(8)–8:36* Jer 7:21-8:3;
Jer 9:23-24
Mark 12:28–34
26 שְּׁמִינִי
Sh’mini
Eighth 6 Apr ’24 27 Adar II Lev 9:1–11:47 2Sam 6:1-7:17 (A)
2Sam 6:1-19 (S)
Mark 7:1–23
27 תַזְרִיעַ
Tazria
She Bears Seed 13 Apr ’24 5 Nisan Lev 12:1–13:59 2Kgs 4:42-5:19 Matt 8:1–4
Matt 11:2–6
Mark 1:40–45
Luke 2:22–24
Luke 5:12–16
Luke 7:18–23
28 מְּצֹרָע
Metzora
Leprous 20 Apr ’24 12 Nisan Lev 14:1-15:33 2Kngs 7:3-20
(alt.) Mal. 3:4–24(4:6)*
Matt 9:20–26
Mark 5:24b–34
Luke 8:42b–48
  פֶסַח֮
Pesach I
Passover Day 1 23 Apr ’24 15 Nisan Exo 12:21-51 Josh 3:5-7; 5:2-6:1; 6:27 John 19:31–20:1
  Pesach II Passover Day 2 24 Apr ’24 16 Nisan Lev 22:26-23:44 2Kgs 23:1-9; 21-25 Mk. 16:1–8
  Pesach VII Passover Day 7 29 Apr ’24 21 Nisan Exo 13:17-15:26 2Sam 22:1-51 Jn 20:1–14
  Pesach VIII Passover Day 8 30 Apr ’24 22 Nisan Deut 14:22-16:17 Isa 10:32-12:6 Jn. 20:15–20
29 אַחֲרֵי מוֹת
Acharei Mot
After the Death 4 May ’24 26 Nisan Lev 16:1–18:30 Ezek 22:1-19 (A)
Ezek 22:1-16 (S)
Matt 15:10-20;
Mark 12:28-34
30 קְדֹשִׁים
K'doshim
Holy Ones 11 May ’24 3 Iyyar Lev 19:1-20:27 Amos 9:7-15 (A)
Ezek 10:2-20 (S)
Matt 5:33–37
Matt 5:43–48
Matt 15:1–11
Matt 19:16–30
Matt 22:33–40
Mark 7:1–23
Mark 12:28–34
Luke 10:25–39
31 אֱמֹר
Emor
Speak! 18 May ’24 10 Iyyar Lev 21:1–24:23 Eze 44:15–31 Matt 5:38–42
32 בְּהַר
B'har
On the Mount 25 May ’24 17 Iyyar Lev 25:1–26:2 Jer 32:6-27 Luke 4:16-21
33 בְּחֻקֹּתַי
Bechukotai
In My Statutes 1 Jun ’24 24Iyyar Lev 26:3-27:34 Jer 16:19-17:14 John 14:15–21
John 15:10–12

NUMBERS / BAMIDBAR / במדבר

NAME   DATE HEBREW DATE TORAH HAFTARAH GOSPEL
34 בְּמִדְבַּר
Bamidbar
In the
Wilderness
8 Jun ’24 2 Sivan Num 1:1–4:20 Hos 2:1–22
(Hos 1:10–2:20)*
Luke 2:1–7
  שָׁבוּעוֹת‎
Shavu'ot I
Weeks 12 Jun ’24◆ 6 Sivan Exo. 19:1–20:23
Eze 1:1–28, 3:12 Acts 2:1–21
  Shavu'ot II Weeks 13 Jun ’24 7 Sivan Deut 15:19-16:17 Hab 3:1-19 Acts 2:22–42
35 נָשֹׂא
Nasso
Count! 15 Jun ’24 9 Sivan Num 4:21–7:89 Jdg 13:2–25 John 7:53–8:11
36 בְּהַעֲלֹתְךָ
Beha’alotcha
When You Raise 22 Jun ’24 16 Sivan Num 8:1–12:16 Zec 2:14(10)–4:7* John 19:31–37
37 שְׁלַח-לְךָ
Shelach
Send Out! 29 Jun ’24 23 Sivan Num 13:1–15:41 Josh 2:1–24 Matt 10:1-14
38 קֹרַח
Korach
Korach 6 Jul ’24 30 Sivan Num 16:1–18:32 1Sam. 11:14–12:22 Matt 26:13-24
39 חֻקַּת
Chukat
Statute 13 Jul ’24 7 Tammuz Num 19:1–22:1 Jdg 11:1-33 John 3:9–21 John 4:3–30 John 12:27–50
40 בָּלָק
Balak
Balak 20 Jul ’24 14 Tammuz Num 22:2-25:9 Mic 5:6(7)–6:8* Matt 21:1-11
41 פִּינְחָס
Pinchas
Phineas 27 Jul ’24 21 Tammuz Num 25:10–30:1(29:40)* 1Kgs 18:46–19:21 Matt 26:1–30
Mark 14:1–26
Luke 22:1–20
John 2:13–22
42
/
43
מַּטּוֹת
Mattot
מַסְעֵי
Massei
Tribes
/
Journeys
3 Aug ’24 28 Tammuz Num 30:2(1)–36:13* Jer 2:4–28, 3:4 Mark 11:12-25

DEUTERONOMY / DEVARIM / דברים

NAME   DATE HEBREW DATE TORAH HAFTARAH GOSPEL
44 דְּבָרִים
Devarim
Words 10 Aug ’24 6 Av Deut 1:1–3:22 Isa 1:1–27 John 15:1–11
45 וָאֶתְחַנַּן
Va’etchanan
And I Pleaded 17 Aug ’24 13 Av Deut 3:23–7:11 Isa 40:1–26 Matt 4:1–11; 22:33–40
Mark 12:28–34
Luke 4:1–13; 10:25–37
46 עֵקֶב
Ekev
As a
Consequence
24 Aug ’24 20 Av Deut 7:12–11:25 Isa 49:14–51:3 Matt 4:1–11
Luke 4:1–13
47 רְאֵה
Re’eh
See! 31 Aug ’24 27 Av Deut 11:26–16:17 Isa 54:11–55:5 John 6:35-51
48 שֹׁפְטִים
Shoftim
Judges 7 Sep ’24 4 Elul Deut 16:18–21:9 Isa 51:12–52:12 Matt 5:38–42; 18:15–20;
49 כִּי-תֵצֵא
Ki Tetze
When You
Go Out
14 Sep ’24 11 Elul Deut 21:10–25:19 Isa 54:1–10 Matt 5:31–32; 19:3–12; 22:23–32; Mark 10:2–12; 12:18–27; Luke 20:27–38
50 כִּי-תָבוֹא
Ki Tavo
When You
Come In
21 Sep ’24 18 Elul Deut 26:1–29:8(9)* Isa 60:1–22 Matt 13:1–23; Luke 21:1–4
51
/
52
נִצָּבִים
Nitzavim
/
וַיֵּלֶךְ
Vayelech
Standing /
And He Went
28 Sep ’24 25 Elul Deut 29:9(10)-31:1-30* Isa 61:10–63:9 John 12:41-50
BEGIN HEBREW YEAR 5785
  יוֹם תְּרוּעָה
Yom Teruah
or
רֹאשׁ הַשָּׁנָה
Rosh Hashanah I
Day of the Shofar Sound or
Head of the Year
3 Oct 2023◆ 1 Tishrei Gen 21:1-34 1Sam. 1:1-2:10 Mt 24:29–36
  Rosh Hashanah II 4 Oct ’24 2 Tishrei Gen 22:1-24 Jer 31:1-19 Lk 1:39–55
53 הַאֲזִינוּ
Ha'azinu
Listen! 5 Oct ’24 3 Tishrei Deut 32:1-52 2Sam 22:1–51
(alt.) Hos 14:2(1)–10(9);*
Joel 2:15–27
Matt 18:21–35
  יוֹם כִּפּוּר
Yom Kippur
Day of Atonement 12 Oct ’24◆ 10 Tishrei Lev 16:1-34 Isa 57:14-58:14 Mt. 25:31–46
  סֻכּוֹת֮
Sukkot I
Booths 17 Oct ’24◆ 15 Tishrei Lev 22:26-23:44 Zec 14:1-21 Lk. 2:1–20
  Sukkot II Booths 18 Oct ’24 16 Tishrei Lev 22:26-23:44 1Kgs 8:2-21 Jn. 7:1–10
  שִׂמְחַת תּוֹרָה
Simchat Torah
---------------
שְׁמִינִי עֲצֶרֶת‎
Shimini Atzeret
Rejoicing
with/of the Torah
---------------
Eighth [day of] Assembly
24 Oct ’24◆ 22 Tishrei Deut 14:22-16:17
Num 29:35-30:1
1Kgs 8:54-66 Lk. 2:21–32
54 וְזֹאת הַבְּרָכָה
Vezot ha'Bracha
And This Is the Blessing 25 Oct ’24 23 Tishrei Deut 33:1-34:12 Josh 1:1-18 (A)
Josh 1:1-9 (S)
Matt 17:1–9; Mark 9:2–10; Luke 9:28–36

 ◆ The custom in Orthodox Judaism is to double festival days outside of Isra'el. Rosh Hashanah is doubled both inside and outside of Isra'el. Simchat Torah and Shimini Atzeret are combined into one day on Tishrei 22 in Isra'el.

  * The Torah and Haftarah chapter/verse numberings are taken from the Hebrew Bible (Christian-published chapter/verse numberings are indicated within parentheses).

The Jewish Calendar

By Konstantin Bikos (timeanddate.com/calendar/jewish-calendar.html, accessed 5 October 2022)

Jewish communities around the world use the Jewish or Hebrew calendar to determine the dates of religious observances and rituals. In Isra'el, it is also used for agricultural and civil purposes, alongside the Gregorian calendar.

Sun, Moon, and Holy Scripture

Jewish time reckoning is lunisolar, which means that the calendar keeps in sync with the natural cycles of both the Sun and the Moon. Featuring a body of complex regulations, exceptions, and mathematical rules, it is also designed to satisfy a number of requirements conveyed in the Jewish Holy Scripture.

The Hebrew calendar is a comparatively imprecise system in terms of reflecting the duration of a solar year, which is the time it takes Earth to complete a full orbit around the Sun. In comparison with the timing of the astronomical seasons, it is off by 1 day every 216 years.

Calendar Structure

 Months in the Jewish Calendar 
Month Names Number of Days
Nisan 30
Iyar 29
Sivan 30
Tammuz 29
Av 30
Elul 29
Tishrei 30
Marcheshvan
(Cheshvan)
29 or 30
Kislev 30 or 29
Tevet 29
Shevat 30
Adar 29

A year in the Hebrew calendar can be 353, 354, 355, 383, 384, or 385 days long.

Regular common years have 12 months with a total of 354 days. Leap years have 13 months and are 384 days long. Months with uneven numbers usually have 30 days, while months with even numbers have 29 days.

In addition to these regular (kesidrah) year lengths, both common and leap years can be a day shorter (cheserah or deficient year with 353/383 days) or a day longer (shlemah or complete year with 355/385 days).

These alterations are designed to prevent Rosh Hashana and other holidays from falling on certain days of the week. In practice, a day is added to the 8th month (Marcheshvan) or subtracted from the 9th month (Kislev).

In civil contexts, a new year in the Jewish calendar begins on Rosh Hashana on Tishrei 1. However, for religious purposes, the year begins on Nisan 1.

Hebrew Leap Years

Calculating Hebrew Calendar Leap Years:

Upcoming Hebrew Calendar Leap Years are 5784, 5787, 5790, 5793, 5795, 5798, 5801, 5803, 5806, and 5809.

Page revised on Wednesday, 05 October 2022
Page revised on Shabbat, 30 September 2023

Page last updated on Friday, 02 February 2024 03:58 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return
ANXIOUSLY WATCHING FOR MASHIACH’S RETURN,
SPEEDILY AND IN OUR DAY. MARANA, TA!

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