The Third Temple  The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)
Jew and Gentile (Synagogue and Church), one in Messiah. (Ephesians 2:14)
“For He is our peace, Who made both one, and broke down the middle wall of partition, …”

If your life is not in jeopardy for what you believe, you’re probably on the wrong side!
If you don’t believe that Genesis 1:1-11:32 is true, how can you possibly believe that John 3:16 is true?

If you “curse” God’s Bride, Israel, you “curse” the God of Israel!
“Indeed, all who want to live a godly life united with the Messiah Yeshua will be persecuted.” (2Tim 3:12)
It is what you actually believe that determines how you walk out your faith, “but avoid stupid controversies, genealogies, quarrels and fights about the Torah; because they are worthless and futile.” (Titus 3:9)

Caricature of Rick Sawyer pointing to the paragraphPlease Note: Absolutely nothing on this website should be taken as anti-Church, anti-Rabbinic, or political in nature. I am not anti-anything or anyone. I am only pro-Torah and pro-Truth (see “Philosophy”), but sometimes the Truth upsets our long-held beliefs. I know it certainly upset mine! For example, see “Why Isn’t My Theology Consistent Throughout the Website?” But when I see our elected representatives engaged in conduct that is clearly evil in the sight of God (Judges 2:11; 3:7, 12; 4:1; 6:1; 10:6; 13:1; 1Kings 11:6; 14:22; 15:26, 34; 16:7, 25,30 ; 2Chronicles 36:5,12), as as a Torah teacher I have a responsibility to call them out, because God holds the entire nation responsible for allowing their leaders to do evil!

the US flag displayed inverted is a universally-recognized distress signal the US flag displayed inverted is a universally-recognized distress signal 31 May 2024, Please read America in Crisis

“For Adonai-Tzva’ot [Yehovah[GN] of Armies] has sent me on a glorious mission to the nations that plundered you, and this is what He says: “Anyone who injures you injures the very pupil of My eye. But I will shake my hand over them, and they will be plundered by those who were formerly their slaves.” (Zech. 2:8 CJB)
Illustration of a waving Israel flag   WE STAND WITH ISRAEL, WITHOUT QUESTION!  
Read the UN Report “Sexual Violence in Conflict
Illustration of a waving Israel flag
The UN expert working to end rape during wartime remains gravely concerned for the safety and well-being of hostages still being held by Hamas militants, especially the 15 women captives, 75 days after the extremist group’s brutal incursion into southern Israel.


Entries on this page that do not have active hyperlinks have been
identified but have not yet been written and uploaded to the web.

Folder IconHome

Table of Contents

Contact Me

What’s New? A chronological list of site updates so you don't have to go searching for new/changed pages

Search This Site: Search for pages on this site using Bing and Google

Vocabulary Matters: As indicated by the title, this page is about matters having to do with vocabulary; it also about the fact that vocabulary really matters.

Bibliography: Much of the information on this website has come from the publications on this list; they contain excellent information of great value to anyone truly interested in gaining a thorough understanding of the great doctrines of the Bible.

Folder IconAbout

Welcome! A few introductory comments about the Website

About the Author: A little bit about the guy who wrote most of the pages on this site

My Autobiography: More than you want to know about the guy who wrote most of the pages on this site

My Career: Here is my complete Curriculum Vitae / Resume.

About My Bride: A bit about the Woman of Virtue who dedicated her life to the Author of this website

Barbara’s Memorial Page: “My lover and my friend” (Song 5:16)

Website Philosophy and Organization: Provides a very brief overview of my personal philosophy and the design and content of the website; it may be helpful if you understand these things about the site before you decide to spend much time here.

HaDerek: What This Website is About My personal understanding of HaDerek, now called Messianic Judaism, as it was in the first and second centuries

Did You Know? Some things that you may not know about Messianic Judaism

My Teaching: Some things you might want to know about the teaching on this website

My Core Beliefs: A very brief summary of the author's theological position

Who are the Karaites? “The Karaites are a Jewish sect which does not recognize the authority of the post-Biblical tradition incorporated in the Talmud and in the latter Rabbinic works.” I agree with them in that regard.

Learn With Me: Some reasons you might want to study the information on this website

If You Disagree: If you disagree with my position, please read this page before attempting to contact me

A Short History of our Natural Health Practice: From about 1992 or 1993 until Barbara’s death in 2008, we operated a Natural Health practice out of our home office.


Folder IconArticles

Folder IconHumor

Bible Bloopers It is truly astonishing what happens in Bible stories when they are retold by young scholars around the world.

Bobeshie’s Talmud The Eternal Jewish Truths, or Your Grandmother’s Talmud

Bulletin Bloopers Actual announcements taken from church bulletins

Bumper Stickers If these aren’t actual bumper stickers, they should be!

Dogs My dog is smarter than your dog. If you don’t believe me, read this page.

Driving A sampling of actual driving school test answers; statements made on accident reports.

Engineers People who work in the fields of science and technology are not like other people. If you don't know that, you’ve obviously never watched “The Big Bang Theory.”

English 101 Poking fun at our crazy English language

Geometry This will take you back to high school geometry class.

God’s Computer If you are old enough to remember Microsoft DOS you might understand this.

How Cold is Cold? An annotated thermometer (degrees Fahrenheit)

Lawyers Apparently nobody like lawyers, except sometimes other lawyers; but not always.

Microsoft Poking a bit of fun at Microsoft engineers. But it’s all in fun!

“Palestine” Quiz The famous “Palestinian Quiz” from

Politically Correct “Politically correct” ways to say someone is stupid An email from with brand-new revelation

Snippets Bits of wit and wisdom to tickle your funny bone

That's Bizarre These are Bizarre! And remember, it’s all true.

Why is That? Weird stuff that makes no sense at all

Folder IconIssues and Events

Abortion: America’s Holocaust Between 1973 and 2018, over sixty million unborn children were murdered only because they were unwanted by their parents.

American Terrorist Tactics Photographic evidence of American military using terrorist tactics in Iraq (as reported by the Liberal mainstream news).

Anti-Messiah Watch Why I am very suspicious of any world leader who would attempt to lure Israel into any peace treaty.

The Budweiser 9/11 Story How Budweiser handled those who laughed at the victims of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack.

Reading List Books and periodicals that put current events under the bright light of End-Times Prophecy

The Second American Revolution Bob Basso, author of “Common Sense,” plays the role of Thomas Paine to ignite the fire of change in America.

Signs of the Anti-Messiah A soon-coming world leader will either negotiate or ratify a treaty with Israel which will guarantee the peace and safety of Israel for a period of seven years, at least within the city of Jerusalem, and that the Temple will be re-built, and Temple worship with the complete sacrificial system will be re-established. The Bible calls this leader the Anti-Messiah.

Some Thoughts on Racism My response to a local “community conversation” on January 16, 2017 about “diversity and inclusion in our area.”

Stem Cells Abortion advocates never cease banging the drum that the tissue from murdered unborn children are “necessary for medical research …”

Treason Watch A watch-list of American traitors

A Tribute to America The text a remarkable editorial broadcast from Toronto by Gordon Sinclair, a Canadian television commentator.

A Warning from HaShem It is a gross mistake to believe that giving Israel’s Covenant Land to the “Palestinians” will alleviate the tensions in the slightest degree.

Top ten reasons why Sharia law is bad for all societies

Folder IconJewish-Christian Relations

“A Short Review of a Troubled History” by Fritz Voll This list of anti-Semitic incidents is meant to create an interest in the study of the troubled Christian-Jewish relationship.

Anti-Semitic Decrees from “Church” Councils This list of anti-Semitic decrees from Church councils is meant to create an interest in the study of the troubled Christian-Jewish relationship.

Antisemitsm in the Church This is a 14-page response to an online publication charging that Messianic Judaism is apostasy

Why I No Longer Identify Myself as “Christian” This page partially explains why, after 35 years as an evangelical pastor, I no longer identify myself by the name “Christian.”

History of the “Protocols of the Elders of Zion” The “Protocols of the Elders of Zion” is the most notorious and most successful work of modern anti-Semitism. It is still in circulation and believed my many.

The Rising Tide of Anti-Semitism Today the Islamists are virulently anti-Semitic. They not only want to erase Israel and the Jews from the map, but they want to revive anti-Semitism throughout the world as the means to do that.

The “Church” and the Holocaust Just as they did during the atrocities of WWII, the “Church” continues to turn its collective head and ignore the evil continually committed against the Jewish people.

Heaven or the Kingdom? It is very important to understand that the core message of Yeshua and His Shliachim was not the message of the modern Christian Church.

“Jesus Christ” — A False Prophet? After wrestling for many years with the issue of why it is so difficult for the Jewish people to accept Yeshua of Nazareth as the promised Jewish Messiah, I now understand that the reason is that they are being faithful to the Torah, which teaches that the distorted caricature that the Church presents as the “Gentile God Jesus Christ” is, in fact, a false prophet!

Replacement Theology “Replacement Theology” is the heretical teaching that the Church has replaced Israel as God's chosen people. Incredibly, it is being taught by the vast majority of “Christian” Churches worldwide.

The True Gospel What is being taught in churches today is simply not what Yeshua or any of the Apostles taught as “the Gospel.” It is only the “individual salvation gospel” and not the complete gospel. At no place in the four Gospel accounts is it ever recorded that “Yeshua went up on a hill, and He sat down, and began to teach His disciples, ‘believe in Me for the forgiveness of your sins, so that you can have a personal relationship with Me and go to heaven when you die.’”

The Wedding Gown The tale of a wedding gown that survived the Holocaust; with Iraq, Iran, and others claiming the Holocaust to be “a myth,” it is imperative to make sure the world never forgets, because there are others who would like to do it again.

Witnessing to Jewish Friends Some timely suggestions for reaching out to the Jewish people with the message of their Moshiach

Words to Avoid Some words and terms to avoid when reaching out to the Jewish people with the message of their Moshiach

Folder Icon Meditations

Andrew’s Gospel The account of the events of the Resurrection of Yeshua HaMashiach on First Fruits as told by Andrew bar Yonah many years after the event.

Gordon’s Calvary Most evangelical Christians believe this is the place where Yeshua was crucified.

The Garden Tomb The Garden Tomb is a tomb with two chambers cut out of the solid rock, and dates to the early first century.

Just for Today A list of goals that I really need to set for myself — if just for today

“Law” vs. “Grace” A parable

Miryam’s Mistake Just like Miryam, it is possible for us to be so overwhelmed with our imagined loss that we fail to grasp God’s greatest blessing being poured out on us.

SonRise The resurrection scriptures in chronological order

Techno-Jesus Did Jesus use a modem at the Sermon on the Mount? Did he ever try to broadcast a fax, to send his message out?

The Art Collector’s Son Years ago, there was a very wealthy man who, with his devoted young son, shared a passion for art collecting …

What is Truth? We live in uncertain times. It’s getting harder and harder to know who to believe about almost any subject.

Where To Look Where to look in the Bible when you feel …

Folder IconMessianic Issues

Clean vs. Unclean Animals It would seem that modern medical science has proven that HaShem knew what He was talking about when He declared certain animals “unclean.”

“Conversion” to Messianic Judaism This page discusses my personal objections to formal conversion to Messianic Judaism from Christianity. [See also:

CTOMC’s Position on Gerut) CTOMC’s argument in favor of gerut

Messianic Conversion (Gerut) My argument in opposition to gerut

Hebrew Roots or Messianic Judaism In this article I explore some of the essential differences between the Hebrew Roots movement and Messianic Judaism

Messianic Judaism Q & A Questions about Messianic Judaism answered by Messianic Rabbi David Chernoff

Pig and Pork Facts Those who say “Christ abolished the law condemning pork” are motivated by their stomach, not Scripture. These facts about pork may change your mind.

Prominent Messianic Jews Over the years many prominent Jewish people have come to faith in Yeshua/Jesus as their Messiah. Here are just a few.

The Messianic Seal The emblem which has become known as the “Messianic Seal” was apparently used by Believers in Mashiach in first century Jerusalem.

About the Messianic Seal by Ari Levitt

Ancient Messianic Synagogue Seal by Evangelical Press News Service

The Messianic Seal of the Jerusalem Church by Reuven E. Schmalz

The Rebirth of Messianic Judaism If 1967 was the birth date of modem Messianic Judaism, then 1975 was the year the movement officially began to blossom.

Temple Mount Awareness Day (2015) Everything you always wanted to ask about the Temple Mount and Holy Temple!

What is Messianic Judaism? Modern Messianic Judaism is the fulfillment of that which was spoken of by the ancient Prophets: a Restoration Movement of Jewish people who believe that Yeshua of Natzeret (Jesus of Nazareth) is the promised Messiah of Israel, and the Savior of the world

Why Messianic? A long list of reasons why Family Bible Church made the decision to become a Messianic Jewish Ministry.

Why Study Hebrew? “… reading the Bible in any language other than the original Hebrew is like kissing a beautiful woman with a veil between your face and hers.”

Related articles in other sections

The Commonwealth of Israel What I am talking about when I refer to “the Commonwealth of Israel”

Where Did the Word “Church” Come From? I no longer use the word “Church” to refer to believers in Messiah because of the pagan source of the word.

Where Did the Word “Jehovah” Come From? The Name of the Most High cannot possibly be “Jehovah” because that word is absolutely impossible to say in the Hebrew language.

The Name That is Above Every Name Before the beginning of “Christianity” as we know it today, there was a Name, and that name was Yeshua.

A Typical Messianic Statement of Faith The  “Messianic Movement” or “Messianic Restoration,” by whatever name is being used used, is not a single organization with a central governing body to speak for it. This Statement of Faith is rather typical of congregations and ministries in the movement.

Messianic Conversion (Gerut) This page presents my personal argument against the practice of formal conversion to Messianic Judaism.

Folder IconUnclassified Articles

Random Thoughts Ideas that occur to me that may or may not be of any significance, may or may not make any sense to anyone, and may or may not ever actually become web pages.

Folder IconBeit Midrash (House of Learning)

Vocabulary Matters As indicated by the title, this page is about matters having to do with vocabulary; it also about the fact that vocabulary really matters.

Folder IconBible Prophecy

Messianic Prophecies Fulfilled by Yeshua Yeshua fulfilled more than 324 individual prophecies that the Prophets wrote concerning the Mashiach.

Mathematical Probabilities of Fulfilled Prophecies The mathematical probably that Yeshua’s fulfillment of just 63 out of 324 prophecies about Mashiach proves with absolute certainly that Yeshua, and only Yeshua, is the Messiah of Israel.

Folder Icon Cults and World Religions

Folder IconCults


What is a Cult? Some methods of defining and classifying cults.

Changes Cults Make Cult groups generally hold the authority of their founder and his/her descendants above that of the Scriptures.

Cultic Commitment It often takes a great deal of commitment to be a cult member.

Evaluating and Encountering Cults The Messianic Believer needs to be just as convinced about his faith in Jesus Christ and his commitment to that relationship as the cultist is about his dogmatics.

Guidelines for Witnessing to Cultists Before you are ready to effectively witness to cult members, be sure that you have spent much time in prayer.

The Seduction Syndrome To understand the dynamics of the transformation process by which a young person becomes totally enveloped in an extremist cult, it is important to note the context from which he comes.

Jehovah's Witnesses An overview of the doctrine of Jehovah’s Witnesses

Folder Icon“Messianic” Cults Articles in this section discuss groups that claim to be part of the Messianic Jewish Movement, but embrace beliefs that are either foreign to or opposition to Messianic Judaism.

“Sacred Name” Heresy Instead of honoring the Name, they have effectively gone so far as to reduce the Name to a “magic word” or idol to be worshipped in place of Him Who is represented by the Name.

“Two House”/“Two Stick” Heresy The theology of the “Two-House” Movement is based upon the thoroughly-debunked theories of Anglo-Israelism documented in 1902 by J. H. Allen in “Judah's Sceptre and Joseph's Birthright.

Folder IconMormons (Latter-Day Saints) The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) considers itself to be the restoration of the church founded by Jesus Christ.

Meet the Mormons A very brief introduction to Mormonism.

Joseph Smith's First Vision The account of Joseph Smith’s “first vision” has been rewritten many times. Here are just a few.

Origin and History of Mormonism The origin and history of Mormonism as told by Mormons.

Mormon Prophets An examination of the false prophets of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (the Mormons).

Mormon Marriage Marriage in Mormonism has two forms: marriage for time and marriage for eternity (or celestial marriage).

The Book of Mormon “The Book of Mormon” claims to be a divinely inspired record.

The Vocabulary of Mormonism The Mormon church claims to be “Christian” because they use a lot of Christian words, but they assign radically different meanings to those words.

The God of Mormonism: One God or Many? The “god” of the Mormons is clearly not the God of the Bible.

The “Jesus” of the Mormons The “Jesus” of the Mormons is the spirit-brother of Lucifer. Lucifer wanted his plan of salvation to be used, but was rejected and thrown out of heaven.

How Mormons View Revelation The Mormon articles of faith read, “We believe the Bible to be the word of God in so far as it is translated correctly

We Are “Christians” because ... The Mormon church claims to be “Christian” because they use a lot of Christian words, but they assign radically different meanings to those words.

Reorganized LDS Church In 2001 the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints was renamed the Community of Christ.

Folder IconOther Cults This section contains articles that discuss cult groups that do not neatly fall into any other category.

Freemasonry vs. the Bible — It is an intellectual and spiritual impossibility for anyone who clearly understands the teachings of Freemasonry and the teachings of the Bible to whole-heartedly embrace them both at the same time.

Christ or the Lodge There is no room for any reasonable doubt as to Freemasonry’s being a religion contrary to both Judaism and Christianity.

Shriners and Allah — Why one can not be Both a Christian and a Shriner

The Obama-Messiah Cult — Is it possible that the man who calls himself “Barack Hussein Obama” might be the Antichrist?

Word of Faith (also known as Word-Faith or simply Faith) is a worldwide “Evangelical Christian” movement which teaches that Christians can access the power of faith or fear through speech.

Folder Icon Witchcraft and the Occult This page is being developed

Witchcraft This page is being developed

Wicca This page is being developed

Astrology and Horoscopes This page is being developed. For the origins of astrology, read Babylon’s Mystery Religion.

Folder Icon World Religions In order to effectively share the Gospel of of the Kingdom of God with a non-believer it is always a good idea to have at least some idea of what that person already believes.

Babylon Mystery Religion Babylon’s Mystery Religion is the source of all false religions, including the pagan aspects of Christianity.

Buddhism Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

Enlightenment Enlightenment is the ultimate goal of many religions and cults. Different groups use different terms such as heightened awareness, nirvana, satori, transcendental bliss, God-realization, expanded consciousness, Christ-consciousness, altered perception of reality, or cosmic consciousness.

Hinduism With well over a million ‘gods,’ of all the world’s great religions, Hinduism is the most difficult to define.

Folder IconIslam This is the index page for the section on Islam.

The Rise of Islam Islam has absolutely nothing whatsoever to do with Judaism and Christianity. Muslims are not our friends, and they will never be our friends. Islam is now, and shall be until Messiah returns, totally incompatible with either Judaism or Christianity.

The Origin of Islam A very brief description of how Islam began.

Five Pillars of Islam Besides the six doctrines to be believed, there are five — no, seven — duties to be performed.

Six Doctrines of Islam There are six basic doctrines that every Muslim must believe no matter where he lives, or what Islamic sect he belongs to.

Major Sects of Islam There are three major sects of Islam briefly defined here: Wahhabi, Shi’ite, and  Sunni.

Minor Sects of Islam In addition to the three major sects of Islam, Sufism and Black Muslims (a.k.a. the Nation of Islam) are considered minor sects of Islam.

The Vocabulary of Islam A glossary of common Islamic words and phrases.

The Adhan The Islamic call to prayer exalts Allah above the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

Islam and the Bible Islam is totally incompatible with both Judaism and Christianity, and is diametrically opposed to the Bible.

Allah Is Not God Proof from the Qur'an, when compared to the Bible, that Allah positively is not the God of the Bible. [Under construction]

The “Jesus” of Islam The person described on this page is most obviously neither the Yeshua of the Bible nor the Jesus of Christianity.

The Twelfth Imam Eight questions with The Twelfth Imam author Joel Rosenberg.

Messiah and the Mahdi Few people comprehend that Islam is eagerly anticipating the appearance of their “messiah,” known as the Twelfth Imam or Mahdi, who in Islamic teaching exactly matches the Bible’s description of the anti-Messiah, or Antichrist.

Death to Infidels The Qu'ran makes it abundantly clear that Islam requires that every non-Muslim must either convert to Islam or be slaughtered. There are no other options.

Can a “Good Muslim” Be A “Good American”? Eleven reasons why a “good Muslim” cannot be a “good American.”

A “Moderate” Muslim Speaks Out A Muslim Jew-hater and supporter of genocide is flushed out by David Horowitz at a speech during “Israel Apartheid Week” at the University of California San Diego.

“Moderate” Islam Does Not Exist Ten proofs from the Qur'an that any “Muslim” claiming to be “moderate” is denying the Qur'an, and therefore not a “true” Muslim

Palestinian National Covenant Why there can never be peace between Israel and the PLO.

Hamas Covenant 1988 The Hamas Covenant of 1988 demonstrates why there can never be peace between Israel the the self-proclaimed “Palestinians.”

Muslim Response From some of the responses I have gotten to my content regarding Islam, apparently many Musims don't know their history.

A Messianic Jew Responds To open the door and allow the introduction of “what Muslims believe” is to open the door to their complete revisionist history …

The Apostate “Church” - Prominent Evangelical “Christian Leaders” Who Don’t Know Who God Is A “who’s who” of evangelical Christian leaders … have signed a letter … that openly equates Allah with the Christian God.

What the World Needs to Understand About Radical Islam This article discusses why the barbaric Islamic cult is totally incompatible with any civilized society.

“Black Muslims” and The Nation of Islam — “Black Muslims” may describe any black people who are Muslim, but it historically has been specifically used to refer to black nationalist organizations that describe themselves as Muslim.

Folder Icon Vocabulary of World Religions This entire section consists of a glossary of common terms that are used by the particular belief system being discussed.

The Vocabulary of Buddhism

The Vocabulary of Confucianism

The Vocabulary of Hinduism

The Vocabulary of Islam

The Vocabulary of Jainism

The Vocabulary of Shintoism

The Vocabulary of Sikhism

The Vocabulary of Taoism

The Vocabulary of Zoroastrianism

Zoroastrianism Zoroastrianism is one of the world’s oldest monotheistic religions, “Prophet” Zoroaster (or Zarathustra) in ancient Iran approximately 3500 years ago.

Folder IconMessianic Liturgy

Folder IconParashot (Weekly Torah Portions)

Folder IconTalmud

Folder IconTorah Study

Books of the Bible in Hebrew and English


Folder IconCommentary. My paraphrase and commentary on the whole Bible

Book Index This is the index page for my commentary on the Scripture text

Gematria and Biblical Numerology Some comments on significant numberical values in the Scriptures

Global Notes Notes that apply globally across the entire website
Weights and Measures Values of biblical weights and measures

Folder IconTorah. (The five books of Moses)

Instructions How to use my combined Torah commentary and weekly parashot

Videos for the Torah

B'resheet. Genesis

Yosef as a Type of Yeshua

Teaching Videos on Genesis

Sh'mot. Exodus

Ten Plagues for Ten Gods

Teaching Videos on Exodus

Vayikra. Leviticus

The Sacrifices in Leviticus

The Five Major Offerings

Teaching Videos on Leviticus

B'midbar. Numbers

Teaching Videos on Numbers

Devarim. Deuteronomy

Teaching Videos on Deuteronomy


Folder IconNeviim (Prophets)

Folder IconEarly Prophets



1 Samuel

2 Samuel

1 Kings

2 Kings

Folder IconLater Prophets

Yesha’yahu (Isaiah)

Yirmi’yahu (Jeremiah)

Y’chezki’el (Ezekiel)

Folder IconThe Twelve













Folder IconKituvim. The Writings

Folder IconPoetic Books (Sifrei Emet)

T’hillim (Psalms) תְהִלִּים

Mishlei (Proverbs) מִשְלֵי

Iyov (Job) אִיּוֹבּ

Folder IconThe Five Megillot (Hamesh Megillot)

Shir HaShirim (Song of Songs) שִׁיר הַשִׁירִים

Rut (Ruth) רוּת

Eikhah (Lamentations) איכה

Kohelet (Ecclesiastes) קהלת

Ester (Esther) אֶסְתֵר

Folder IconHistory

Dani’el (Daniel)

Ezra (Ezra)-Nechemyah (Nehemiah) עזרא

Divrei ha-Yamim (Chronicles) דבּרי הימים

Divrei-HaYamim Aleph (First Chronicles)

Divrei HaYamim Bet (Second Chronicles)

Folder IconApocrypha


Baruch Bet

Daniel (LXX)

Bel and the Dragon

The Song of the Three Holy Children



Enoch Alef

R. H. Charles Translation (pdf)

Dr. Jay Winter Translation (“Standard English Version”) (pdf - best translation)

Esdras Alef

Esdras Bet

Esther (LXX)


R. H. Charles Translation (1917)

Merged Version



1 Maccabees

2 Maccabees

3 Maccabees

4 Maccabees


Psalm 151




Folder IconShliachim. The Apostolic Writings

Rav Sha'ul, the Letter Writer

Folder IconGospels and Acts. The Good News of the Kingdom According to:

Mattityahu (Matthew): Yeshua, the Righteous King

Mordichai (Mark): Yeshua, the Servant of God

Lukas (Luke): Yeshua, the Son of Man

Yochanan (John): Yeshua, the Son of God

The Acts of the Emissaries: Yeshua’s One-Year Mission Accomplished

The Revelation of Yeshua to Yochanan: Yeshua, the Coming Judge


Crucifixion Week Chronology

A 1-year Harmony of the Gospels

A 3-year Harmony of the Gospels

Folder IconLetters to Communities

Sha'ul the Letter Writer

Important “Pauline” Vocabulary


First Corinthians

Second Corinthians





First Thessalonians

Second Thessalonians

Folder IconLetters to Individuals

First Timothy

Second Timothy



Folder IconGeneral Letters



First Peter

Second Peter

First John

Second John

Third John


The Revelation of Yeshua HaMashiach: The letter from Yeshua.

Folder IconDevelopimg a Messianic Systematic Theology

Origins and History

My Methodology

Working Ideas

Heiser Disclaimer

Folder IconSurvey of Theology The content of this section is approximately the equivalent of what the student would be exposed to in a one-quarter undergraduate Bible school course in “Survey of Theology”

Folder IconTheology 101: An Introduction to the Science of Theology

Lesson 1. First Things First: Why should Believers need to study theology?

Lesson 2. Principles of Bible Interpretation: Correct interpretation of the Scriptures requires use of the correct “tools.”

Lesson 3. Counterfeit Religion and the Last Days: Yeshua said there’d be days like this!

Lesson 4. Getting Down to Basics The bare essentials of the Messianic Theology

Lesson 5. A Brief Summaryh of Bible Doctrine We are about to embark upon a detailed tour of all the major teachings of the Bible.

Lesson 6. Non-Biblical Practices of the Gentile Christian Church and Rabbinical Judaism. In this lesson I briefly discuss some significant non-Biblical practices of the Gentile Christian Church and Rabbinical Judaism.

Dispensational Theology A Refutation of Dispensational Theology

Dispensations An audio teaching from D. Thomas Lancaster

Thirteen Principles of Jewish Faith Maimonides refers to these thirteen principles of faith as “the fundamental truths of our religion and its very foundations.”

Thirteen Principles of Messianic Jewish Faith Maimonides’ Thirteen Principles of Jewish Faith Modified for Messianic Believers

The 613 Mitzvot A List of the 613 Mitzvot (Commandments) of Torah with introductory comments and Scripture references, based primarily on the list compiled by Maimonides (Rambam) in the Mishneh Torah

Basics of Messianic Judaism The foundational distinctives of Messianic Jusaism

Errors of Christianity and Judaism Historical institutional errors of both Judaism and Christianity, which have been followed unknowingly by many

Doctrinal Statements

A “Typical” Messianic Statement of Faith

Center for Messianic Learning

First Fruits of Zion

Coalition of Torah Observant Messianic Congregations

Messianic Bureau International

Metroplex Messianic Fellowship

United Messianic Jewish Alliance

Union of Messianic Jewish Congregations

Messianic Jewish Alliance of America

Rambam’s Thirteen Principles
Rambam’s Thirteen Principles - Messianic Version

Folder IconAbout God What the Torah says about God

Names of God What are the various names of God, and in what instances are they used?

Attributes of God The Sages teach there are 13 attributes of God

Where Did the Word “Jehovah” Come From? The Name of the Most High cannot possibly be “Jehovah” because that word is absolutely impossible to say in the Hebrew language.

Is “the Trinity” Biblical? A brief discussion of the biblical doctrine of “the Trinity.”

Magen David The Magen David as a Symbol of the Tri-Unity of God

Sacred Name Some thoughts about the Sacred Name of God

Folder IconAbout Messiah

The Person of Messiah

Logos = Torah = Mashiach

Yeshua’s Tevilah

The “Jesus” of the Church is a False Prophet

Was Jesus Only a Prophet?

The Angel of ADONAI

The Name That Is Above Every Name

The Great “I AM”

Theophany Defined

Yeshua’s Birthdate Calculated from the Scriptures

Schedule of Service of the Priesthood

Union of Messianic Jewish Congregations Statement on Yeshua

Folder IconAbout Ruach HaKodesh

Ruach HaKodesh and “Tongues”

Folder IconAbout Spirit Beings What the Torah says about Angels, Demons, Nephilim,
    and Satan

14 Facts about Angels

Angelic Appearances A list of 25 appearances of angels in Scripture.

Benéi Elohim What we know about the “Sons of God”

Demons What the Scriptures have to say about demons

The Devine Council A video course in “Divine Council” Theology

Giants/Nephilim in the Bible A listing of Giants/Nephilim in the Bible

HaSatan What the Scriptures say about “the Satan”

Holy Angels More of what the Scriptures say about Angels

Mount Hermon and the Benéi Elohim

Nefilim What the Scriptures say about Nephilim

Nephilim, Demons, and UFOs Are UFOs/UAPs a demonic deception?

The Angel of ADONAI What Torah says about the Angel of Yehovah

Folder IconAbout Humanity

Man in the Image of God

Free Will



Repentance, Atonement, Forgiveness



Man’s Moral Duty

Faith and Works

Securty of the Believer

Folder IconThe People of God

Folder IconAbout Israel What the Torah Says About Israel (A Summary)

God’s Eternal Covenants With Israel

The Noachic Covenant

The Abrahamic Covenant

The Land Covenant

The Mosaic Covenant

The Davidic Covenant

The New Covenant

The “Old” Covenant vs the “New”

The Levitical Offerings

Folder IconThe Moadim: God’s Appointed Times

Shabbat or “the Lord’s Day

Sunday vs. God’s Sabbath

Folder IconAbout Tevilah (Immersion)

 Lesson 1

 Lesson 2

 Lesson 3

 Lesson 4


“Baptism” and Betrothal

The Holy Community

The Quest for a New Identity

Where Did the Word “Church” Come From?

The Commonwealth of Israel

The Didache: The Teaching of the Apostles


“Followship” in the Fellowship

Messianic Principles

Folder IconAbout the Goyim (Gentile Nations)

Messianic Goyim

Non-Messianic Gentile Believers

Non-Believing Gentiles

Gerut: “Conversion” to Messianic Judaism

Argument Against Gerut

Argument For Gerut

Folder IconAbout Torah

Inspiration and Authority of Scripture

Verbal Inspiration

Plenary Inspiration

The Jewishness of the “New Testament”

Antisemitism in the “New Testament”
Torah Keeping

Why Obey Torah?

Is Obedience to Torah for Today?

Torah and “Legalism
Takanot: The Tradition of the Elders

Hebrew Apostolic Scriptures?

Was the “New Testament” Written in Hebrew or Greek?

Scholars Who Support a Hebrew Origin of the Apostolic Writings

King James Version

The Church and Torah


Folder IconAbout the Future

Rabbinic Eschatology

Six Epoch of the Future

Three Views of the Millennium

Soul Sleep

The Third Temple

Sacrifices In The Third Temple

The Twelfth Imam

Is the “Rapture” for Real?

Resurrection and Judgment

Is “Heaven” for Real?

Heaven or the Kingdom?

Folder IconOther Matters


Seven Pre-Creation Phenomena

Messianic Principles

Folder IconFAQ (Frequently-Asked Questions)

Baptism and Betrothal The act of water baptism as practiced in Christianity (and to a lesser degree in Messianic Judaism) is very closely related to the ancient Jewish practice of betrothal.

Have you considered that Jesus was only a prophet?

Is Obedience to Torah for Today?

Messiah and Sacrifices

Parable of the Fig Tree

Questions About “Baptismal Regeneration”

Questions That Jewish People Frequently Ask

Questions that Non-Jewish People Frequently Ask

The Third Temple

The Two Witnesses

Torah and “Legalism”

Torah-Keeping in Messianic Judaism

What Does The Star Of David Symbolize?

What is “Replacement Theology?” Replacement Theology is the heretical teaching that God, Who cannot lie and Who never changes, has arbitrarily cancelled the “everlasting covenants” that He made with Avraham, Yitz’chak, and Ya`akov, and with “their descendants forever,” and has transferred those promises to the Gentile “church.”

What is “Sacred Name Theology”? Sacred Name Theology holds that in order to be saved you must “call on the Name” exactly as they spell and pronounce it.

What is “Two House” Theology? “Two-House” Theology is based upon the theory that Great Britain and the United States of America descended from two of the lost ten tribes of Israel.


Folder IconGlossary — words and phrases from Hebrew, Aramaic (Ar.), Yiddish (Yid.), and even some Greek (Gk.), and English terms that are common to Jewish writing. Also included are some terms that are familiar to those within Messianic Judaism, but which might be unfamiliar to others.

Pronunciation Key — a key to transliterating the Hebrew alef-bet and pronouncing Hebrew words

Words that begin with: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J-K | L | M | N | O | P | Q-R | S | T | U-Y | Z

Glossary Appendix

Folder IconHoly Days

Yeshua’s Real Birth Date The Biblical dates for the conception and birth of Yochanan the Immerser and for Yeshua HaMashiach calculated from Scripture

Levitical Calendar An annotated calendar showing the courses, or divisions, of the Aaronic Priesthood serving in the Temple throughout the year

Christ-Mass A long list of reasons why I choose not to celebrate Christ-Mass

Crucifixion Week Chronology The events of Crucifixion/Resurrection in chronological order: Why the church has the dates wrong.

Moadim A list of God's appointed times for the upcoming year or so

Tisha B’Av & 17 Tammuz A brief listing of infamous events that took place on Tisha B'Av and 17 Tammuz throughout history.

Folder IconIsrael

Historical Maps of Israel — A collection of links to historical maps of Israel

History of Israel — Three videos about the history of Israel

Israel’s Eternal Capital — Jerusalem: The eternal capital of the Jewish People, and the eternal capital of the State of Israel

The Liberation of Jerusalem — Israel takes possession of Jerusalem for the first time since 70 C.E.

Restoration Prophecies — Biblical prophecies that promise the complete restoration of Israel

Folder IconGod’s Eternal Covenants With Israel

Abrahamic Covenant

Mosaic Covenant

Land Covenant

Davidic Covenant

New Covenant

Folder IconIsrael in Conflict

“Occupied” Territories — The US State Department’s changing attitude about Judea and Samaria

US-Occupied Territories — A map of the United States if we were to be held to the same standard as the world holds Israel to.

What HaShem Says About “Occupied Territories” — HaShem will not hold Abarica blameless if we press for any “Land for Peace” plan

The “Two-State” Solution as it Now Exists — The “Two-State” Solution has existed in the Middle East since 1946, but the Muslims refuse to acknowledge that fact.

20 Facts About Israel and the Middle East — These 20 facts will help serve as a primer for those trying to understand the historical context of the ongoing conflict in the Middle East.

Palestine Quiz” — A “Dry Bones” political cartoon

Baby “Boomers” — Very young Muslim children being trained as terrorists

Quotable Quotes — Notable Quotes from around the world about the Arab Invasion of Israel, the World, and the War on Terror


Folder IconLegal — This section contains all the stuff that our lawyers and the government require us to put here (plus some other stuff we just felt you should know about.) The following pages are in this category:

Copyright and Permissions — Defines our rights and yours concerning use of the Materials on this website

Privacy Policy — We respect your privacy and will not abuse it in any way.

Public Law 97-280 — Congress confesses that the Bible is the Word of God.

Terms of Use — Defines the terms of use of this website and the Materials contained therein

U.S. Constitution — Because it is the basis of our rights and responsibilities as U.S. Citizens, and Congress seems to have forgotten to read it.

17USC107 — The “fair use” provisions of U.S. copyright laws.

Folder IconLinks

Folder IconQur'an

Folder IconNatural Health

CAM Basics

Cancer Update

Johns Hopkins Response

Deadly Doctors

Drugstore Dangers

Gestapo Tactics in Health Care

Maryland Health Gestapo Tactics

Prescribed Killers

Two Philosophies

Folder IconFDA vs the USA

FDA a Colossal Failure

FDA Conflicts of Interest

FDA: “Herbs are Food”

FDA Advisers Tied to Drug Industry

FDA Plot to Ban All Natural Food Supplements

FDA Reform Legislation

The Ephedra Hoax

What Codex Alimentarius Means To You

Our Battle for Health Freedom

A Threat to Mankind

The End of Health Freedom

Tylenol® Dangers

Folder IconThe "Swine Flu" Hoax

Obama's False Health Emergency

Swine Flu Statistics

The Truth About Flu Vaccines

Health Information Censorship

Folder IconThe Model for the Messianic Community: What the First Century Messianic Community Looked Like and Why We Should Look the Same Today. What did Messiah Yeshua expect His Body and Bride to look like, and how close have we come to his expectations?

Chapter 1. First Things First
Chapter 2. Preliminary Concepts
Chapter 3. Modern “Messianic Judaism”
Chapter 4. Judaism in the Late Second Temple Period
Chapter 5. The Appearance of Yeshua
Chapter 6. The Giving of Ruach HaKodesh
Chapter 7. Shabbat or “the Lord’s Day”?
Chapter 8. Rabbi Sha’ul of Tarsus
Chapter 9. The Jerusalem Council
Chapter 10. “Christian” or “Messianic?”
Chapter 11. The Synagogue from 70 to 325 CE
Chapter 12. Where Did the Word “Church” Come From?
Chapter 13. Summary and Conclusions
Appendix A. Tisha b’Av and 17 Tammuz
Appendix B. Evidences for a Hebrew Source of the Apostolic Scriptures
Appendix C. Scholars Who Support a Hebrew Origin for the Apostolic Scriptures
Appendix D. The Bar-Kochba Revolt
Appendix E. Canons from Nicaea 1, 325
Appendix F: Anti-Semitic Decrees of Constantine and His Successors, High Priests of the Babylon Mystery Religion in Rome
Appendix G. A Brief Overview of Replacement Theology
Appendix H. Anti-Semitism and the Holocaust
Appendix I. What is Truth?
Glossary of Unfamiliar Words and Phrases Used In This Document



Page last updated on Monday, 24 June 2024 02:03 PM
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